Shopping List for Repairing a Cracked Drywall Ceiling:
– 5/8-inch plywood
– construction adhesive
– wood shims
– 2-inch-wide painter’s tape
– fiberglass mesh tape
– joint compound
– 1 1/4-inch drywall screws
Tools for Repairing a Cracked Drywall Ceiling:
– drill/driver, fitted with 3/16-inch-diameter drill bit and 1-inch diameter spade bit
– drywall tip, for driving drywall screws to precisely the right depth
– caulk gun
– utility knife
– flat trowel and plaster hawk
Great article to help remove those stains…Tough work made easy!
Some 85 percent of homes in the United States have hard water, which means that tubs, faucets, dishwashers, and other appliances are often plagued by gritty mineral deposits. Hard water contains lime and other minerals that stain surfaces and can clog showerheads. While many powerful limescale removers are available, they contain chemicals toxic to the lungs and other body parts. To keep your home safe (especially if you have children), try these nontoxic ways to rid yourself of pesky mineral deposits.
Faucets Rub a lemon rind over chrome faucets. Then soak several paper towels in vinegar and drape them over the faucets. After an hour, remove the towels and rinse your now-sparkling faucets.
Showerhead Remove your showerhead and soak it in plain white vinegar for several hours. Then give it a good scrub, rinse it in plain water, and replace.
Shower doors To eliminate streaky mineral deposits on your shower doors, spray them with white vinegar before wiping down. Another effective shower door cleaner is white wine. One glass of wine should be enough to clear away the grit, and leave you enough left over to have with dinner.
Dishwasher Pour a cup of white vinegar into your empty dishwasher, and run it through a full cycle empty. Do this monthly to keep your dishwasher working optimally.
Bath mat White vinegar will both clean and disinfect your bath mat. Pour enough vinegar over your mat to coat it, and let it soak for an hour. Then scrub the mat thoroughly with a scrub brush before rinsing with warm water.
Toilet A can of cola can work wonders on hard water marks in your toilet bowl. Pour one can into the toilet, leave for an hour, then flush. Or, use three cups of white vinegar.
Coffee maker Fill the water reservoir with vinegar and run your coffee maker through a brewing cycle. Then repeat the brewing cycle twice more, using just plain water.
Glassware To keep your glasses streak-free, soak them in vinegar for 15 minutes before rinsing.
Not every home has enough space to feature a dedicated guest room. And, let’s face it, not many people have house guests often enough to justify this luxury. So many people are turning their extra rooms into something they use frequently, like a home office, a crafting room, or a kid’s playroom and then performing a bit of magic before their guests arrive and…Voila! A Guest Room!
If you’re interested in reclaiming your guest room and performing a little transformation magic then the following tips can help you increase the function of your home while still making guests feel welcome.
Get That Convertible. Not the car, obviously, but a convertible sofa, armchair or even footstool. Believe it or not these items all come with a little bed hidden inside and they range in price from easily affordable to very expensive.
Extra Sleeping. If you’d rather not add the furniture or you have more than one guest at a time, purchase a good memory foam mattress topper which can be rolled up and stored when not in use.
Bedding Nearby. Purchase a storage chest or dresser or some other large storage that can double as a table, or seating, or even a room divider. Then not only do you have a piece of furniture that serves double duty but you also have bedding and other guest supplies at hand.
Windows for All. Window treatments in a home office don’t need to block a lot of prying eyes, in fact you may want to enjoy the view as much as possible, but your overnight guests will probably not feel the same. To accommodate both you should think about adding light limiting blinds that can be opened to take advantage of the view.
That Extra Touch. You’re not going to fool anyone, they know they’re staying in a spare room, but you can make them feel more at home and more welcome by adding that little extra something. Keep a basket of guest toiletries close at hand so guests don’t have to scrounge or use your private stash. Keep a couple magazines handy to give them something to read before bed. Remember they are your guests.
With these tips, you can transform your home office into a guest room at a moments notice. And remember, well rested guest is a good guest, so try to give them all the comfort you can while still keeping every room in your home as functional as possible.
Since its earliest uses in first century AD Roman villas, colored glass has created some of the most intricate and attractive windows throughout history.
Colored or stained glass is again enjoying popularity in homes, but with more contemporary flare in its uses. As true today as thousands of years ago, stained glass offers privacy without the elimination of natural light, making it a perfect choice in creating a highly stylized look in the home.
Stained glass infuses a space with both color and texture, and can create a stunning art dynamic within the spaces of your home as well as installed as one of your home’s windows as a unique architectural accent.
For a relatively inexpensive home improvement project, here are three ideas for creating big impact in a small space:
Transom window: Replace a plain transom window or one with divided panes with one of stained glass to bring an artful and colorful accent to your entryway.
2. Skylight panel: Add drama to a skylight by replacing old or dulling glass with a stained glass panel. For a bigger impact (and a bit more money and work) you can install decorative molding around the skylight opening and bring in wiring through the ceiling near the window shaft. Lay rope lighting in the molding to hide it; the roping will provide “up lighting” at night to show off the stained glass.
3. Room divider: Hang a panel of stained glass from eye hooks bolted into studs in the ceiling to create a decorative room divider; a horizontal window panel works great in small spaces where you need privacy, like a home office or to create separate spaces in adjoining rooms.
The addition of stained glass can enhance any space, but a great kaleidoscope of color is brought to the bathroom when stained glass is used to replace a standard window or existing shower doors. You’ll bring greater dimension to your bath if the room gets natural light from a window or skylight. Find a color or pattern that is prevalent in your decorating and explore stained glass styles that play off those features.
Stained glass can be a good choice for small windows facing neighboring yards or close-by homes, when curtains aren’t an option or space is limited.
For a quick and easy decor accent, mount a small stained glass panel in an easel that will hold its weight and light it from behind with a small light or candle.
Notable dealers of vintage stained glass can be found online. Here are a few: www.auroamills.com, the Architectural Salvage Warehouse at www.greatsalvage.com, www.amighini.net, and Historic York, Inc. & Architectural Warehouse at www.historicyork.org
Restoring an Old House to Its Original Form, Function and Design
There are three broad categories of historic building sites that are restored to its original form, function and design: documentary, representative or aesthetic.
The purpose of the documentary site is to document an important event of the life or lives of a person or family. The structure does not necessarily need to be restored to its exact conditions at a specific point in time nor is it important that every facet of the restoration is justifiable.
The purpose of the representative site is to help the visitor understand a period in history or a way of life. A representative site does not have to be associated with a historic event or person(s) but rather, is symbolic of many other structures of its period.
The purpose of the aesthetic site is to achieve something pleasing to the eye. An adaptive re-use building e.g museum displaying period room settings or furnishings is an example of an aesthetic site. It is not recreating a setting that actually existed or even one that would be typical of what once existed.
When most of the original elements of an old building are still intact or parts of it are salvageable, a dynamic restoration technique is ideal.
Dynamic Restoration Technique
Dynamic restoration is one of three restoration techniques. Dynamic restoration utilises the techniques of reconstruction by re-assembling or refurbishment.
While a static restoration focuses on repair and protection of the materials and structural components, a dynamic restoration focuses on restoring the building to its original form, function and design.
Some examples of dynamic restoration techniques are anastylosis, reprogrammed building and land uses, substitution, relocation and enclosing the structure.
Anastylosis utilises the techniques of reconstruction, re-assembling and refurbishing. Reconstruction is done by re-uniting some of the fallen fragments with the remaining portions still in their original places while other scattered fragments are left as is but already with preservative treatment.
Reprogrammed Building and Land Uses
Reprogramming buildings and land uses involve restoring the structure to its original form with its character remaining as is. The technique aims to recapture the ambiance and character of the past that the building and land uses are reprogrammed to fit these sites to modern times.
The designs and forms of the building are guided and controlled; some non-existing structures and features are reconstructed either partially or wholly to more clearly project the original characteristics of the structure.
Substitution is often necessary when the structural components are beyond repair. Although duplication is against the principles of restoration, it can be an exception in cases where an element of the original structure needs to be replaced to protect the structure from further deterioration.
The preservation action i.e replacement, is intended to halt deterioration and maintain the original structure’s existence, a compromise which is valid and justifiable. When replacement of some elements for the structure is unavoidable, the replacement should closely resemble the material being replaced.
In certain situations and as long as the structure is movable, relocation can be an alternative. Relocation is recommended when the structure is threatened with the danger of damage e.g. construction activity, vehicular traffic, floods or atmospheric pollution and there is no other way to protect it.
Enclosing the Structure
Enclosing the structure e.g. glass container, shade structure, fencing, to protect the structure from damage e.g weather conditions, is another dynamic restoration example.
A roof that is damaged can cause problems both inside and outside of your home. Leaks are a common symptom of a damaged roof. A leaking roof will provide the perfect breeding ground for mold. Mold is a potential dangerous problem that can cause serious health risks to all who are exposed to it and its spores. When mold is found, it should be dealt with as soon as possible to prevent further damage to your home and your health.
Stop the Leak
Before the mold process can begin, you must correct the leaky roof. If the leak is not fixed, the mold will continue to grow even after clean-up. Fixing the problem may be as simple as replacing the damaged shingles.
When working on a roof take all the necessary precautions to protect yourself. Make sure the ladder is secure and you are wearing shoes with good traction on the bottom to prevent slipping. Once you have gotten onto the roof, remove the damaged shingles by lifting the edges of the shingles and removing the nails. Before laying down the new shingles, prepare them by rounding their corners with a utility knife. This will make sliding the shingles back into place. Slide the shingle into place and secure with a 6D galvanized roofing nail at each corner. Use a putty knife to smear a dab of roof cement on each nail head.
Before the Mold Removal Process Begins
Equip yourself with the proper safety items during the mold removal process. Anyone involved in the mold removal process needs to wear an N-95 respirator, rubber gloves, safety goggles without vent holes, a long-sleeve shirt and pants.
Discard any porous items that have been ruined by mold. Porous items, such as paper and drywall, cannot be cleaned and disinfected. These items will need to be discarded and replaced. Place the items in a garbage bag and secure closed. Place the bag outside.
Removing the Mold
Use a wet vacuum to remove any standing water that is present. Mix 1/4 cup of a mild dishwashing liquid and 1 gallon of warm water in a 5-gallon bucket. Remove as much mold as possible with a sponge saturated in the dishwashing liquid-water mixture. Apply an approved fungicide to the area. Follow all directions and warnings printed on the fungicide. Allow the area to dry completely. Point fans towards the area to aid in the drying process.
Don’t Start Decking Without Reading This Decking Materials Guide
Building a deck is more complex than simply pouring a bit of concrete and nailing a few boards together. The options available for deck construction are constantly on the rise. Wood or plastic? If wood, what kind? What shape will the deck be? Should pressure treated wood be used? This article will help answer those questions and more.
Build a Wood Deck or Plastic Deck?
The resistance to decay exhibited by plastic and metal decks has always been weighed against the aesthetic superiority of wood. This balance has traditionally tipped in wood’s favor, but new advancements in polymer design are quickly leveling the scale. Wood-plastic composites combine the best of both worlds and are constructed of recycled plastics and wood waste products (sawdust, bamboo, etc.). Common trade names for these composites are:
These plastic polymers have several advantages over wood. They include:
Ability to be shaped using conventional woodworking tools
Resistance to rot and decay
Ease of molding to any desired spatial conditions
Ease of bending to form strong curves
No need for painting, they’re manufacture in a variety of colors
The disadvantages of wood metal composites include the tendency to deform in hot weather and, due to the porosity of the material, their susceptibility to staining by environmental elements.
Types of Wood Commonly Used in Decking
The most commonly used decking woods are pressure treated pines. However, even after chemical treatment, pine is not as durable as other hardwoods. If the deck being built is of any considerable size, it is recommended that pine be used since some hardwoods can cost more than $50 per square foot. These more expensive woods include:
These woods are harder to shape than softwoods because of their density. Teak is incredibly expensive because it only grows in tropical climates and must be imported. That extra cost, though, comes with an increased durability and beauty rarely found in pressure treated pines. A summary of the costs of several dozen hardwoods can be found at Segmented Turning.
Is a Metal Deck an Option?
A metal deck constructed of aluminum will last far longer than either a plastic or wooden deck, but that durability comes at a steep price. When compared to wood, metal is cold and uninviting and can dampen the mood of any social or business gathering.
It is also incredibly reflective of sunlight and should be avoided if the deck is being built in a congested neighborhood, lest the neighbors be temporarily blinded after catching a glimpse of the afternoon sunlight glaring off the deck and crash through their garage door. However, if the deck is being built for purely utilitarian purposes (and none of those come to mind) metal may be the best choice.
Do not choose a decking material without considering the fact that it will form a large and conspicuous part of a property for a decade or more. It is a large investment that deserves dutiful research into the available materials and options.
The function of the roofing system is to drain rainwater through gutters put in place to make sure that the water from rooftops does not damage the foundation and the basement. Gutters and downspouts are fixed along the edges to serve this purpose. When the gutter system is clogged or damaged, water will not drain away and can lead to paddling leaks and structural damage. Gutters are to be cleaned and inspected at least twice a year.
Besides, you should also trim or cut down nearby trees for they can potentially clog the gutters. You have to be extra careful when using a ladder while trimming the trees. Make sure that the ladder is firmly positioned on an even ground to avoid falling off the ladder.
Begin the inspection by checking for loose gutters and downspouts. Ensure that all the gutter joints are firmly fixed. You may also need to check the spikes where you have attached your gutters to make sure that they are strong. Besides, you can check the downspouts for materials that can clog them and eliminate the dirt if any.
Checking forsmall animals that might reside on your gutters is also a great idea. Some creatures such as squirrels and termites might destroy your gutters. If you find such animals, you may need to get rid of them together with any leaves, twigs and debris in the gutters.
You can start by scooping leaves and debris from the gutters. Put the removed materials in a bucket securely placed to the ladder or drop them onto the ground. Flush smaller debris using a hose pipe since the fine material will be moved by pressured water.
Look for cracks beneath the gutters that could lead to leakages. If the water is not moving freely unclog the downspout and it is connected to the underground pipe, remove it from the pipe. Using a strong pressured hose to loosen the debris and it it fails to remove the debris you can use a plumber’s snake to break up the clog.
Look for standing watering the gutter. If the water is moving very slowly the problem might be that the slopes inadequate. Hangers require relocation up or down to create a slight slope towards the downspout.
Protection With ICFs, Flame-Resistant Roofs, and Cement Fiber Siding
While it’s true that no home can be truly fireproof, measures can be taken that will come close to reaching that ideal. Even structural steel beams will turn to spaghetti when exposed to sufficient heat. As an analogy, a water-resistant diver’s watch can’t survive the Mariana Trench but no damage is sustained during a normal dive.
Building a Fireproof Exterior
Put simply, a fireproof exterior is simply one that isn’t combustible. Typical residential wood framing (“stick framing” in the industry) won’t stand up to a blaze. Even what’s referred to as a brick home is almost always a brick veneer home with wood studs behind the masonry.
Concrete is the most logical and inexpensive construction material to go with. There are two popular ways to go about this. The first is insulated concrete forms (ICFs). This is also a green, sustainable building practice that contributes to a LEED certification.
ICFs will withstand fires for up to 4 hours
The second exterior building material is the cinder block. These blocks are simply built up from the ground up by masons, in a manner similar to laying brick.
Both of these building practices also lend themselves to areas that are susceptible to hurricanes and tornadoes.
Flame-Resistant Roofing Materials
Roofing material is classified with fire ratings of Class A, Class B, and Class C, with A being the best. So what materials are good candidates in a fire? It depends. Some composition 3-tab shingles get a Class A rating with an estimated 30-year lifespan.
Clay and concrete barrel shingles (think Mediterranean-style) also have a Class A rating and are great for curb appeal and home resale value, but are more expensive. But, their lifespan far exceeds composition shingles.
Metal roofs also do well in fires, and like clay shingles, have a long lifespan. They can also reap a savings on homeowners insurance for protection both from fires and hail damage.
Although cinder block homes are sometimes simply primes and painted, ICF homes need siding. A good bet is a cement fiber product like those produced by Certain Teed and JamesHardie. Cement fiber products are also termite proof and rot proof.
This siding is also considered by the industry to be a green and sustainable building material and counts towards LEED certification. A major benefit is that it comes pre-primed, which eliminates the overhead and time taken to prepare for painting.
Building a fire and wind resistant home just makes good sense. Nobody wants to re-build from the ground up after a natural disaster.
Learn How to Develop Ideas, Work with Contractors and Save Money.
New homeowners may want to paint the walls, upgrade the floors, or add more rooms to match their style. But they may not know how to get started. As a new homeowner, 25-year-old Anthony Ward explained during an in-person interview how he developed ideas, worked with contractors and saved money to create a home that fits his needs.
After purchasing his California home, Ward realized he needed to make several changes:
Put up a wall in a bedroom to create two smaller rooms
Gut and expand the kitchen
Replace the flooring with tile, carpet, and hardwood floors
Add new dry wall and insulation
Upgrade plumbing to copper
Additionally, he said he found some decorating ideas from various sources.
“I got ideas from looking at model homes, watching “House Hunters” on HGTV, and reading magazines such as Better Homes and Gardens,” Ward said.
Searching for a Contractor
He said he hired three contractors to complete the job¬–a general contractor who renovated the interiors such as the kitchen, dry wall, and electric; a plumber; and a separate contractor who laid the flooring.
Finding a contractor was not a difficult task. “I looked through the PennySaver and received references from family members,” Ward said. He chose contractors based on the following criteria:
Reasonable time work can be completed
Clean up and haul-away option
Once the contractors were chosen, he said he sat down with them and drafted a written contract which contained the following information:
Time frame work should be completed
Description of the work
Payment information and dates
Ward noted that some homeowners may pay contractors half of the payment at the start and pay the other half when the work is completed, but he warned if contractors leave suddenly without finishing the work, they would have half of the homeowner’s money.
“I pay everybody in three payments–a starting payment, a middle payment, and then a completion payment,” Ward said.
To Buy or Not to Buy Materials
He said the contracts state whether the materials are included. In his case, the general contractor, plumber, and electrician included the materials in their prices, whereas the contractor laying the tile did not.
For Ward, buying the materials saved him money.
“It was cheaper to buy the materials myself and to pay for the labor,” he said. That way, he said he could keep any unused materials.
However, when contractors include materials in the contract, the homeowner may lose money. Ward explained that if $300, for instance, is budgeted to complete the work and the contractor only spends $260, the homeowner is out $40. But he added that many contractors go over the spending limit, which would be the contractor’s responsibility.
“Don’t hire family members”: He said it would be hard to fire family members if the work is not done properly. He advised to hire someone you do not know.
“See the contractor’s work beforehand”: Ward suggested checking out his or her projects and asking for references to see if previous customers were satisfied with his or her work.
“Get a written contract”: Even if the contractor does not have a license, he strongly advised to get it in writing to avoid any legal issues.
Every homeowner’s renovating experience will be different. However, if they determine the necessary fixes, find the right contractor, and fully understand the terms of the renovation, homeowners will feel more confident and be a step closer to living in their dream home.